The city of Agra in India is an ideal tourist destination and is famous all over the world for its spectacular monuments. People from all over the globe come here to have a glimpse of the architectural wonders. Agra reached its pinnacle of fame as the capital of the Mughal emperors from the year 1526 to 1658. Agra is today one of the major tourist destination, mainly because of its numerous Mughal-era buildings. Among them, the most notable are the Taj Mahal, Agra Fort and Fatehpur Sikri. All these three sites of Agra have been listed under the UNESCO World Heritage Sites list.
There are plenty of things to see and do in Agra most prominently the Taj Mahal, Red Fort, Swami Bagh, Ram Bagh, Mehtab Bagh, Balkeshwar Temple, Rawli Maharaj Temple, Sikandra, Itmad ud Daulah’s tomb, mariam’s tomb, Jama Masjid, Chini ka Rauza and much more.
Taj Mahal, one of Seven Wonders of World and the monument dedicated to eternal love was built by Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan in 1631 and took 20,000 laborers more than 20 years to complete it at the cost of over 32 crore rupees. Made entirely out of white marble, this mausoleum is in memory of third wife of Sha Jahan, Mumtaz Mahal who died during childbirth. One of the finest examples of Mughal architecture that combines elements of Persian, Turkish and Indian architecture, the central tomb of Taj Mahal is the most renowned features of this edifice.
Agra Fort is another magnificent fort in Agra which calls on large number of tourists from across the globe. The fort was the capital of Mughal Empire from where the Emperor governs their state. The fort is an example of mesmerizing blend of architectural design, decorations, constructions which fascinates tourists during their visit. There are number of palaces, monuments and gardens inside the fort complex which make the fort beautiful the popular attractions of this fort are Jama Masjid or the Friday Mosque, Dargah of Sheikh Salim Chisti, Diwan-e-Khas, Diwan-e-Aam, Palace of Jodha Bai
Fatehpur Sikri is another notable attraction in Agra which was built during the 16th century by Mughal Emperor Akbar. The monuments in Fatehpur Sikri include the famous mosque Jama Masjid, Mariam-uz-Zamani’s Palace, Buland Darwaza, Tomb of Salim Chisti and Panch Mahal. Few other popular monuments in Agra are the Chini Ka Rauza, Soami Bagh Samadh and Tomb of Akbar the Great.
Agra is not only famous for its architectural wonders but is also known for its mouthwatering, aromatic and hot and spicy non-vegetarian Mughlai meals. The kebabs, the korma varieties, roasted chicken, lamb and beef and spicy biriyanis are a few of them. Many of the Agra restaurants can be found in the Taj Ganj area, a perfect place for food lovers. Several of the multi-cuisine restaurants can be found near the west gate of Taj Mahal. You may come across South Indian, North Indian, Mughlai, continental, Chinese and Italian meals in these Agra restaurants.
Situated on the banks of River Yamuna, Agra experiences a hot and dry climate that borders on humid subtropical climate. The most suitable time to visit Agra is from November to March when the weather is warm and pleasant.
There are many shops at Agra that sell stone products and replicas of the Taj which are famous as souvenirs. A visit to the local market is also a must as no trip to Agra can ever be complete without visiting the local markets. Some of things to shop for here include various leather goods, perfumes, stone products and other crafts. There are many places to eat in Agra and the Sweets and Chaat at Agra are very famous. There are also a number of hotels here offering accommodation at different rates. Agra is a great place to visit for anyone who wants a little glimpse into India’s past.